As Odak Magazine, we had an interview with our young friend, Bruna Accardo (21) from Italy to get informed about the covid-19 panndemic over there. Now, we present this interview to our readers.
Odak: First of all, we thank you for accepting our interview request. Before starting, can you introduce yourself for us?
Bruna: Hello everyone. I’m Bruna, I was born and raised in Naples, in the south of Italy. Now I’am 21 and I study as an anthropologist at the University of Bologna, which is located in the North of the country. I was in Turkey last year and since then i have been very fascinated byyour country.
Odak: In general, how do you describe the test of Italy with covid-19?
Bruna: Italy was the first European country to deal with such a large number of cases overnight, and we were all taken aback. I myself left the city where I study at the end of February to go to my hometown for personal reasons and a week later I found myself stuck there without being able to move further. Despite the fear, Italian citizens responded with an incredible sense of responsibility and solidarity. Indeed support numbers for the elderly and large first aid teams have been activated to help with the distribution of food and medicines. Also, videos of Italians singingand dancing on their balconies began to circulate throughout the internet.
Odak: Italy has been one of the worst places in regards to the number of deaths. In your opinion, what kind of causes can be the reason for that?
Bruna: There are no certain answers. Also because the beginning of the transmission of a virus is accompanied by a good dose of randomness. However, it’s often pointed out that the virus has found in Italy an excellent place to take root as here we have the average of the oldest population in the continent with the highest seniority average, Europe. Furthermore, the majority of cases and deaths occurred in the Po Valley, an area of northern Italy with the most polluted air in Europe due to a high industrialization. Moreover, although we have one of the best health systems in the world, due to public debt, there are more and more cuts to the national health system. In general, our politicians initially hesitated about the general closings due to the deepness of the economic debt. They thought Italy could not afford to close everything or the economy would collapse. The industries remained open for some weeks later than the general lockdown. So, in this sense, the concern of an economic meltdown did not help containment measures, not even in the sport field since for a long time it was undecided whether tosuspend football matches. Despite the initial hesitation, Italy was the first real nation that implemented effective containment measures that have then represented a model for other countries.
Odak: In response to covid-19 pandemic, what kind of protections do Italian people appeal to?
Bruna: Mainly containment measures consist in social distancing which prevents us from leaving the house except for primary needs such as medical visits, work necessities and getting food. In oreder to move you need to have a self-certification which will be checked by the police on the streets. There are no shifts to go out as in other countries, but only one member per family can go to supermarket at a time. The use of the mask is now mandatory and the government is trying to procure more and more of them. Travel between differentmunicipalities and regions is strictly forbidden unless necessary. School and university lessons are taking place online, as well as most of job duties. Often for older people, as I said before, there are grocery delivery supports directly at their homes. Restaurants and food shops can only deliver food. All direct contacts with people who are not from your family nucleus are prohibited.
Odak: How do you see the future of the World after this disaster?
Bruna: I believe there will be a slow recovery in every sector. I suppose that there will be a lot of effort economically speaking. Governments should implement funds for the poorer part of the population and for small companies in order to prevent them from collapsing. Getting back to normal will be a slow process, maybe harder than the quarantine itself. It will be important that each citizen will play his part, following government measures and maybe helping people in need volunteering. What I really hope is that after the pandemic we will realize that our environment exploitation system and our economic organization are no longer sustainable. We are already becoming aware of that by the fact that nature is now taking back the space it was deprived. Personally, I hope human kind will reconsider the way we live and use our time and the importance of freedom. Now we have a chance to start from scratch and we need to be able not to waste it.
Odak: Thanks for your comments and we wish you a safe quarantine.